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Lang, a native of Camden County, Georgia, was born on May 9, 1838. He attended the Georgia Military Academy in Marietta, where he graduated in 1857. Lang then moved to Florida with his family, where he worked as a surveyor in Suwannee County. Upon the outbreak of the Civil War, Lang joined the First Florida Infantry Regiment. He organized and was elected captain of a new company which became Company C of the Eighth Florida Infantry Regiment. Upon the illness of Edward A. Perry, Lang temporarily commanded the entire Florida Brigade.
At Gettysburg in July 1863, Lang led his small band of Floridians into some of the most vicious fighting of the battle. The Brigade played a prominent role in the fighting on July 2, and the following day supported the major Confederate assualt know as Pickett's Charge. Lang's unit suffered casualties approaching 500 of the 700 men that began the battle, perhaps the highest percentage of losses for any Brigade in Lee's Army. Lang served with the Brigade until the end of the war, surrendering at Appomatox in April 1865.
After the war Lang married Mary Quarles Campbell with whom he had four children. He worked as a civil engineer before being appointed Adjutant General of the State Militia (1885-1894). Lang also served on the State Board of Pensions, was private secretary for Governors Mitchell (1893-1897) and Bloxham (1897-1901), and cashier of the Florida State Hospital in Chattahoochee from 1901 until his death in 1917.
This collection consists of fourteen letters written by Lang during the Civil War from 1862 to 1864. They were written to Lang's cousin, Elizabeth Atkinson, of Marietta, and describe his experiences in camp and battle. A calendar gives the date and a brief description of the contents of each letter.
Calendar available. Biographical and historical background information and transcripts of some letters prepared by donor are available in the collection case file.
Additional Physical Form:
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Originals in possession of donor.
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Confederate States of America. Army. --Florida Brigade, Finegan's. Confederate States of America. Army. --Florida Infantry Regiment, 8th. Confederate States of America. Army. --Florida Brigade, Perry's.
Bull Run, 2nd Battle of, Va., 1862. Chancellorsville (Va.), Battle of, 1863. Fredericksburg (Va.), Battle of, 1862. Gettysburg (Pa.), Battle of, 1863. Petersburg, Siege of, 1864-1865. Rappahannock Bridge, Battle of, 1863.
United States History Civil War, 1861-1865
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