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Record Group Number: 900000
Series/Collection Number: M90- 22
Creator: England, Howard S., 1914-
Title, Dates: Architectural and technical drawings of Fort Zachary Taylor 1969-1980
Amount: 84.00 item
Medium Included:
Organization/Arrangement: Arranged by subject or type of drawing:  1) architectural elevations and floor plans; 2) architectural details and gun placements; 3) gun carriages; and 4) projectiles and other implements.
Terms Governing Use:
Biographical/Historical:     Howard S. England was born in Key West, Florida, and, except for service in the U.S. Marine Corps overseas, he was a lifelong resident.  After retiring from his career as a Navy Civil Service Architect, he spent several years doing volunteer work in excavating, documenting, and researching Fort Zachary Taylor, a pre-civil war fort located on a small island in Key West harbor.
    The plans for what became Fort Zachary Taylor were approved in 1836.  Construction commenced in 1845 and five years later the structure was formally named after the recently deceased president. The fort was trapezoid in shape; with three seaward faces.  Each of these faces mounted forty-two guns in three tiers.
    At the time of Florida's secession in 1861, construction of the fort was still incomplete.  During the Civil War, Key West remained in Union hands and Fort Taylor was occupied by Federal forces.  In 1898 the fortification was remodeled to accept more modern weapons and renamed Osceola Battery.
    On December 7, 1973 Fort Taylor was added to the register of National Historic Landmarks.  Today the fort is operated as a park by the Florida Dept. of Natural Resources.
Summary:     The series contains the architectural and technical drawings of features of Fort Zachary Taylor in Key West, Florida executed by Howard S. England from 1969 to 1980.  The architectural drawings include elevations, floor plans, and details (e.g. handrails and doors).  The technical drawings depict several types of large guns, their carriages and equipment as well as their projectiles.  All of these detailed line drawings provide the physical dimensions of each object presented.
Finding Aids: Box listing available.
Additional Physical Form:
Reproduction Note:
Location of Originals/Duplicates:
Associated Materials:
Language Notes:
Ownership/Custodial History: Mr. England worked on this project as a volunteer and donated the drawings to the Bureau of Archaeological Research, who transferred them to the Archives.
Publication Note:
General Note:
Electronic Records Access:
Subject Access Fields: Historic sites Florida
Fortification Florida
Military architecture.
Architectural records. aat
Key West (Fla.)
Fort Zachary Taylor (Key West, Fla.)
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