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Record Group Number: 900000
Series/Collection Number: M82- 55
Creator: Duncan Galleries.
Title, Dates: Confederate soldiers photographs, 1861.
Amount: 2 photographs
Medium Included: photographs
Organization/Arrangement: Unarranged.
Terms Governing Use:
Biographical/Historical:     In early 1861 the American Civil War could have easily started at Fort Pickens, Florida, rather than at Fort Sumter, South Carolina. However, a truce was worked out at Pensacola in which the North agreed not to reinforce the fort, and the South agreed not to attack it. Immediately following the southern bombardment of Fort Sumter, on April 12, 1861, Union forces landed near Pensacola to reinforce Fort Pickens. The standoff at Pensacola continued for several months. Union forces conducted a raid in which they burned a southern ship, and in early October the Confederates launched a large, nighttime raid on Santa Rosa Island.
    On October 9, Confederate forces landed approximately 1,000 troops on the island in an assault that overran the camp of a Union army regiment. However, the southern troops were forced to withdraw after Union reinforcements from Fort Pickens arrived on the scene. In November, Union heavy guns at Fort Pickens started a two-day exchange of artillery fire with Confederate-held forts on the mainland. A second exchange of fire took place in early January 1862. The need to send southern troops outside the state increased following Confederate defeats in Tennessee in early 1862. Most southern troops were transferred out of the state, and by May 1862, Confederate forces completely withdrew from Pensacola, ending the more than one-year standoff.

Summary:     This collection contains two photographs taken of the Company B of the 9th Mississippi of New Orleans in a camp at the Warrington Navy Yard at Big Bayou in Pensacola, Florida on April 21, 1861. The photographs were found in 1972 in a scrapbook of original sketches belonging to artist C. F. Allgower, illustrator for Harper's Weekly in April 1861.  The photographs are some of the earliest known Confederacy or Florida photographs.
Finding Aids: Searchable index available on the Florida Photographic Collection web site at

Additional Physical Form:
Reproduction Note:
Location of Originals/Duplicates:
Associated Materials:
Language Notes:
Ownership/Custodial History:
Publication Note: Photographs published on the Florida Photographic Collection web site at
General Note: Florida Photographic Collection Number P1982-55.
Electronic Records Access:
Subject Access Fields: Confederate States of America.
Civil War (Fla.)
Photographs. aat
Florida History Civil War, 1861-1865
Pensacola (Fla.)
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