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Record Group Number: 900000
Series/Collection Number: M82- 130
Title, Dates: Secretary of State Charles Downing photographs, 1849-1922.
Amount: 2 photographs
Medium Included: photographs
Organization/Arrangement: Unarranged.
Terms Governing Use:
Biographical/Historical:     Charles W. Downing Jr., served as the third Secretary of State for the Florida Territorial government between July 23, 1849 and June 30, 1853.  During this time, Territorial Florida had a simple governmental structure. The Governor, a three-year appointee of the President, had to operate with a minimum of federal funding. The Territorial Council, elected by the people, could only borrow money, issue licenses, and organize a state militia. A political protest in 1838 by Colonel Downing forced the establishment of a more representative bi-cameral legislature, where voices of rural farmers could be better presented. This reform was offset by the isolation of most homesteads and their lack of political participation. In 1840, Downing introduced House Bill 466 to end the Seminole War.
    The twenty-third governor of Florida (January 4, 1921-January 6, 1925), Cary Augustus Hardee, was born in 1876 in Taylor County.  Educated in the public schools, Hardee was a school teacher until
1900, when he was admitted to the state bar and began his legal practice in Live Oak.  From 1905 until 1913, he served as the State's Attorney.  In 1915 and 1917, Hardee served as the Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives.

    Hardee's administration oversaw reapportionment of the Florida Legislature, the amendment of the state constitution to prohibit income taxes and inheritance taxes, and the abolition of "convict leasing" to private corporations and individuals.  The Rosewood massacre took place during his term, and on January 29, 1923 Governor Hardee ordered that a special grand jury investigate "certain high crimes that have been committed by unidentified parties or persons" at Rosewood.  After his term as governor, Hardee became a banker in Live Oak.  In 1932, he sought the Democratic nomination for governor, but was defeated. Cary Augustus Hardee died in Live Oak on November 21, 1957.

Summary:     This collection contains one silhouette of Charles Downing and his wife and a photograph of Florida Governor Hardee and his Cabinet.
Finding Aids: Searchable index to selected images available on the Florida Photographic Collection web site at
Additional Physical Form:
Reproduction Note:
Location of Originals/Duplicates:
Associated Materials:
Language Notes:
Ownership/Custodial History:
Publication Note: Selected images published on the Florida Photographic Collection web site at
General Note: Florida Photographic Collection Number P1982-130.
Electronic Records Access:
Subject Access Fields: Hardee, Cary A. 1876-1957 (Cary Augustus),
Downing, C.W. 1825-1862 (Charles W.),
Mayo, Nathan, 1876-1960
Crawford, H. Clay 1856-1929 (Henry Clay),
Cawthon, W.S., 1871-1963
Secretary of the Territory.
Photographs. aat
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